Masai Mara national reserve is placed adjacent to the Serengeti national park of Tanzania along the Great Rift Valley, it is well known for the migration of the great wildebeests. Masai Mara was established in the 1961 named after the inhabitant tribe Masai people, the Masai Mara national reserve is placed in the south western part of Kenya popular in the country it covers an area of 1510 square kilometers elevated at an altitude of 4875-7052 meters above sea level. It is one of the best wildlife reserves known in Africa with a diversity of animal species. There are a number of animal species that call the Masai Mara home, including the African Big five (African elephants, leopards, African buffaloes, lions, and the black Rhinos), cheetahs, Masai giraffes, warthogs, gazelles, hippos, zebra, wildebeests to mention a few and over 480 species of birds are present in the national park, the endless plains provide a perfect habitat for the wildlife in Masai Mara.
Masai Mara is a semi-arid climatic region with a vast grassland areas dotted with acacia trees and desert date with wide valleys and escarpments, the vegetation of the Masai Mara national reserve ranges from grasslands, acacia woodlands, riverine forest, thickets and croton scrubs. The great wildebeests enjoy the red oat grass common in the national park especially in its early stages of growth, migration of the animals is feeding time to all species within the national park including the cat family like lions and leopards who have immediate prey.
The great wildebeests are migratory species referred to as large African antelopes, looking like thin muscular cows, the Wildebeests migration is one of the seven wonders of the world, there are popular crossings on the Mara river with animals moving all throughout the year in search of greener pastures and water, the wildebeest migrations take place with each year
It is the world’s largest migration of wildlife, the best time to spot the wildlife is in the months of July- October visitors largely pay a visit to witness the great migration in this time. Wildebeests spends most of their time wondering from Serengeti National Reserve to Masai Mara and back, their migratory routes are determined by rain patterns and calving instinct is timed to the moon movements. The animals move from Serengeti to Masai Mara in towards the dry seasons in Tanzania and move back in the wet period about 1.5 million animals be on the move, the national game reserve receives a relatively warm temperature it being along the equator with temperatures rising to
The Masai people are the inhabitants to the Masai Mara national game reserve, trips to the national park can be combined with cultural visits after watching the great migration, they are Nilotic group of people having distinct customs and tradition their life style is concentrated on cattle a primary source of food to the communities, visitors have a chance to see the
traditional dress code, norms and cultural dances of the people or even participate in the activities